History
Transocean Air Lines        1946 - 1960
Flying "Anything, Anywhere, Anytime"

People
Flight to Freedom

Impressed by Transocean's competence in moving the 7,000 British
immigrants from London to Toronto, the International Refugee
Organization in Geneva awarded a contract to Transocean in August
1948 for the first large-scale movement of displaced persons from
Germany to South America.
The contract called for 25,000 D.Ps to be moved from Munich to Caracas, Venezuela, with flights
leaving Munich daily. Feeling locked out of such a large and lucrative contract, steamship lines
persuaded the IRO to reduce substantially the number of D.Ps to be carried by air. But despite this
reduction, Transocean continued to fly D.P. s to Venezuela and other South American countries,
and to the United States, well into 1949.
The D.P.s were not Germans but Poles, Latvians, and Hungarians who had fled to the West in
search of freedom. They were a cross-section of the population and had lost all their possessions
either to the Germans or the Russians when their homelands were invaded during World War II.
Whenever a country is experiencing political unrest or oppression, there is always an exodus of its
educated and its wealthy. On one of the flights to Caracas, Stewardess Meda Soares found five
passengers aboard who could speak English, of whom three were doctors.
Meda learned that the first doctor was a neurologist and had studied medicine in Vienna. He had
practiced in Latvia for twenty-one years before the war. Next to him was his wife, a general
practitioner. Their only treasures of a once prosperous life-other than the memories they held in
their hearts-were a silver ring, a crystal glass with Latvian symbols, and a Latvian coin.
Then the woman introduced Meda to her brother. He too was a doctor, a gynecologist. He had
been married to a woman whose family spoke publicly against the policies of the Communist
Party now ruling Latvia. Eight months after their marriage, his wife and her family were deported to
Siberia, and he was never to hear from her again.
"They were such a pathetic looking group of people that you wanted to do as much as you could
for them," said Meda. "The majority wore whatever clothes they could find, and they lacked toilet
articles of any kind. Even the babies did not have nursing bottles. I saw many mothers pouring
milk from a cup into a nipple for their babies. And one young father was overjoyed to find an empty
soft drink bottle at the airport in Gander, Newfoundland. I saw him wash it and fill it with milk for his
baby."
The summer of 1948 also witnessed the beginning of Transocean's movement of 600 students to
Europe under contract with Youth Argosy, a nonprofit organization devoted to arranging summer
travel abroad for college students and professors. Planeloads of students toting bicycles and
knapsacks were flown from Connecticut to points in Europe and then returned to the United States
several months later. This was the first transatlantic air-coach service.
*From Folded Wings, A History of Transocean Air Lines by Arue Szura